The Framework and System of Morality and Ethics in perspective is as follows;
1. Absolute Moral Laws (non-theistic)
2. Ethical Maxims - Applied ethics
3. Actual actions
Instincts e.g. related to hunger will drive a person to actual actions.
These actions will be compared to existing ethical maxims and the deviation is the ethical gaps.
For example a person may steal a loaf of bread due to hunger.
The ethical maxim is Thou Shalt NOT Steal.
In this case it is ethically wrong to steal a loaf of bread and the thief may come up with all sorts of excuses to justify his/actions. There must be strategies for the thief to take correction actions to ensure s/he complied with the ethical Law on theft in future.
Note the legislature and judiciary will play a role on the issue of theft [related to instincts of otherwise] with reference to law and penalties. Philosophically the judiciary is not directly morality and ethics but rather belongs to politics.
In addition to the ethical gap, there is the Moral Gap.
The Moral Gap measures the deviation from the actual act, the ethical maxim and the absolute moral standard.
This Moral Gap must be continually revised and improved so that the ethical maxims can be improved towards the absolute moral law [ideal].
The above model linking Morality [Pure] to Ethics [Applied] then to Actions and Instincts is applicable to all instincts and their consequential actions.
Not-a-theist. Religion is a critical necessity for humanity now, but not the FUTURE.