philoreaderguy wrote:What makes an action immoral? How do we know if a certain choice, action, or behavior is immoral?
In asking what our moral principles are, how do we explain applying the moral standards with certainty? How do we account for the variation and diversity in moral codes within the world community? Is there such a thing as human nature from which basic moral standards are derived and lend themselves to the establishment of a natural law? What would modern day natural law thinkers such as John Finnis and Ronald Dworkin say on the issue of how we come to know our moral standards with certainty?
I personally find it impossible to avoid concluding that all peoples share certain fundamental motivations that govern human action such as a desire to seek the goods of self-preservation, procreation and social organization. But I do not know if these motivations constitute morality or ethics. If there is a natural law provided to mankind by God the creator, how do we explain acts of free choice and free will that depart from that natural law? Must one be a Christian and abide concepts of sin to define immorality?