Featured Philosophy Pic

Philosophy Picture

The philosopher Socrates about to take poison hemlock as ordered by the court...

Philosophy Club Pages

Discuss it

Please post any questions or comments you have about the pages or topics on this website in our Philosophy Forums.

Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science concerns the in-depth investigation of science's foundations, implications, and assumptions. Most notably, philosophy of science investigates the social and natural sciences.

Generally, philosophy of science tends to focus on some major themes, including the following:

  • implications of scientific models and methods
  • standards for determining adequate support of information
  • the formulation, limits, and scope of science
  • the types of reasoning that get used to form conclusions
  • the manner in which science explains natural phenomena
  • how science predicts natural occurrences
  • the reasoning connecting conclusions and hypotheses
  • the relation between propositions with arguments
  • social results of technology

Divisions of Philosophy of Science

Most people see two major categories within philosophy of science. First, metaphysics literally contains that which goes beyond physical phenomenon. Second, epistemology contains inquisition regarding knowledge, including its reliability and limitations.

Subjects of Philosophy of Science

Philosophy of science deals with many different theories and subjects, including empiricism, scientific realism and instrumentalism, constructivism, analysis and reductionism, grounds of validity of scientific reasoning, induction, falsifiability, coherentism, and Ockham's razor.

Ethical concerns that come up during scientific practice usally do not get included in philosophy of science. Rather, they get categorized under as ethics. For example, most philosophers see bioethics as part of ethics rather than the philosophy of science. These include bioethics.

It is also important to note the difference between science and the philosophy of science. While science refers to the empirical study of physical things and events, the philosophy of science refers to philsophical study of science itself. For example, finding out the height of a tree is a scientific endevor, whereas asking about the reliablity of the scientific method is a philosophical question.

"Philosophy of science is about as useful to scientists as ornithology is to birds."
-Attributed to Richard Feynman (1918-88) U.S. Physicist. Nobel Prize 1965.

Philosophy of Science - Any Questions?

We want to improve this website and its articles as much as possible. If any of your questions about the philosophy of science have not been answered, please email them to us at mail@onlinephilosophyclub.com, and we will add the answers to our website. Thank You!