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Relativism

Relativism is the concept that points of view have no absolute truth or validity, having only relative, subjective value according to differences in perception and consideration.[1]

The following are two forms of relativism:[2]

  • Epistemological Relativism? is the view that truth and falsity are relative; in other words, no statements are “objectively” true or false. Truth is relative to a person or a culture. An epistemological relativist denies that anything at all can be known. According to hard core epistemological relativism, everything is a matter of opinion, including science. Naturally, anyone who is an epistemological relativist is also an ethical relativist.
  • Ethical Relativism? is the view that morality is relative. An ethical relativist restricts relativism to ethical matters; an ethical relativist might not be an epistemological relativist. For example, an ethical relativist might accept the possibility of scientific truth but deny the possibility of truth in ethics.

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Page last modified on January 10, 2012, at 03:49 PM