Human culture is the main means by which humans change. Not slow biology. Human freedom is due to this fact because each human individual influences his culture. The more the individual influences his culture the more free he is, is one parameter of human freedom. The other parameter of human freedom is the individuals' consciousness of the other and his own effect on the other.For the life of me, I can't see what bearing any of that has on the statements you quoted.
The scope of education in a society is a measure of the society's economic stability. Free universal education is expensive and justifiable because of the long term benefit to the society that promotes it.
The moral question is actually a practical question. To what extent can a society afford to invest in its own future?As I pointed out, there is no such thing as "free" education. It must be paid for by someone. Either it is paid for by the beneficiary, or by someone else; if someone else, then that person either pays voluntarily, or is forced to do so. The latter raises a moral question you need to address.
Maybe your own experience with the education you have received has coloured what you think education is. The teachers you have met must have been either poorly educated in the basics of education or have been trapped by government rules.Also, in your two statements above you're using the "learn" and "education" as though they denote the same thing. They don't. There are many ways to learn, most of which cost little or nothing, and of course people ought to be free to learn --- meaning no one else should interfere with their learning. But by "education" you mean a formal, State-prescribed course of instruction, heavily infused with indoctrination, which is costly and must be paid for by someone --- which raises the moral question just mentioned. A person's freedom to learn does not entail forcing others to educate him.
This is not the place to educate you in the basics of education as taught in initial teacher training.
It's a pity you feel forced to pay taxes that fund such a good cause. Don't you approve of taxation?Yet forcing Bruno to pay for Alfie's State-prescribed "education" establishes precisely that sort of relationship between Bruno and Alfie.Servitude of one man to another man causes both master and slave to be stupid.
Vocational education usually does benefit the recipient more than a liberal arts education. A liberal arts education benefits society and the individual in less direct ways .That is false. If Alfie graduates from medical school the benefits accrue to Alfie and his patients. The latter pay for the benefits they receive when treatment is delivered. No one else benefits, and has no obligation to pay for benefits received by Alfie or his patients.All who pay for universal education together with those who cannot pay receive the benefits of universal education.
Probably not, but we are doing philosophy not chatting at the bus stop.Well, you seem to be using some idiosyncratic definition of "moral agent." Inanimate, non-sentient objects do not qualify per the common definition.The natural environment composed of other species and inorganic matter is a moral agent for the same reason , it's composed of individuals many of who are sentient and many of who are intelligent learners.
It's disputable that an ancient stone statue is part of the social or the natural environment. Both I'd say and it's also part of the community of men.Those artworks in Iraq that were deliberately wrecked by Daesh were moral agents.