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Virtues - Wanting suggestions for online readings

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Virtues - Wanting suggestions for online readings

Post by EthicsQuestions » June 10th, 2019, 5:31 am

Hi guys, I am very new to philosophy (as in I started reading about it less than a week ago).

I am curious about virtues - specifically, have philosophers attempted to rank them? In the sense that kindness might be considered a better virtue than courage because of x, y, and z.

Is there clear agreement about what constitutes a virtue?

Where are some good online sources about virtues which would help me answer my questions?

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Re: Virtues - Wanting suggestions for online readings

Post by chewybrian » June 14th, 2019, 10:45 am

I imagine they have tried, but it jumps to my mind that virtues take different priorities in different situations.

The stoics are my favorite, and they do have four "cardinal" virtues which sort of trump or encompass all others, namely:

wisdom, courage, temperance and justice.

So, as I consider what action might be most virtuous in making my selection at the buffet, courage does not seem to be required, while temperance seems to be at the forefront, with wisdom and justice somewhere in between.

For a source, I would go to the Stanford encyclopedia of philosophy and search for "virtue ethics".
"If determinism holds, then past events have conspired to cause me to hold this view--it is out of my control. Either I am right about free will, or it is not my fault that I am wrong."

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